Around 3089, the Federation and Starfleet Command leave Earth for a new headquarters location. As we all know, Universiti Sains Malaysia is one of the top universities in the country but if you see a few of their Facebook posts from yesterday (25 November), you would be confused as the University seemed […] In the episode "Bread and Circuses", Spock gives a death toll for World War III of 37 million. Although the Civil Rights Movement spread nationwide in the 1960s, the struggle for equality for African-Americans had been going on for decades.. James T. Kirk's father, George Kirk, is killed. He analyzed the deepest of the vibracores collected by LSU. "But as you go back in time, it sort of transitions. AL.com collected the first samples from the forest, and has participated in every scientific mission to the site, beginning in 2012. Scientists believe this portion of forest was miles back from the Gulf shoreline at the time, as cypress trees cannot tolerate exposure to salt. AL.com has joined many of his adventures and published accounts over the years. When the original series of Star Trek was produced, the 1990s were several decades away, and so various elements of the backstory to Star Trek are set in that era, particularly the Eugenics Wars. In universe timeline chronological order Star Trek Enterprise (ENT), Star Trek: The Original Series (TOS), Star Trek: The Animated Series (TAS), Star Trek: The Next Generation (TNG), and all 13 of the Star Trek feature films, including the three newest J.J. Abrams "reboot" films, or "Kelvin Timeline" based on the original series. "No matter the question you are trying to address, whether it is drought, or how an insect invasion influenced some trees, or a disease, you start by lining up the rings and cross dating the trees. Discovery takes place about 95 years after the events of Enterprise, with Capt. If I could match them together, that meant those trees were growing -- were alive -- at the same time," Harley said. One of the things paleoclimatologists want to understand about this period is what was happening to different ecosystems. With the help of Admiral Janeway, the USS. It could be 1995, or maybe even 2995". "At first, just based on water depth and looking at the sea level curve, we thought the trees should be in the 10,000 to 12,000 (year old) range.  Khan's spaceship is another anomaly for the timeline, which has a variety of long-lost spaceships being launched between 1980 and 2100, with inconsistent levels of technology (caused by the increasing real lifetime and also decreased optimism about the pace of space exploration). The episode acknowledges the issue only by featuring a model of Khan's DY-100-class ship on a 1996 desk. Magnus, Erin, and Annika Hansen are assimilated by the Borg while on a research mission in the Delta quadrant. The day after his first dive on the forest, which included a close encounter with a shark, Becker was sifting for 35-million-year-old shark teeth below a waterfall on the Sepulga River. The film was written and directed by AL.com's Ben Raines, who also filmed the underwater sequences and organized the first scientific missions to the site. It's colder, it's windier. Experience life off the grid as the Kilcher family works together to survive as homesteaders in the Alaskan wilderness. Okuda assumes the start of a season is January 1 and the end of the season is December 31. The discovery process will level the playing field so that if your spouse does have an advantage, you will be able to learn about it and protect yourself. For example, the established date implies McCoy was born around 2227, ruling out the Spaceflight Chronology-derived dating of the original series to the early 23rd century (though the dating had already been effectively overruled by Star Trek IV, which primarily takes place in 1986, where Kirk tells Gillian Taylor that he is from the late 23rd Century, though he does not give an exact date). ", The Skagarans abduct humans for use as slaves in their colony world.  This marked the first time an explicit future calendar date had been attached to a Star Trek storyline, and allowed fans and writers to extrapolate further dates. She contacted AL.com after the first article announcing the discovery of the forest and said she'd like a crack at diving the site and analyzing the trees. They were under stress. "There are very few natural archives of long-term climate change in the Gulf Coast region," Harley said. In effect, the trees have been hermetically sealed in place in a sort of natural time capsule. "Drying the samples out was a challenge, because you have this wood that has been underwater for tens of thousands of years. At the time, DeLong, like every expert contacted by AL.com, said that the trees were almost certainly from the most recent ice age, which has been thoroughly researched by scientists. "It's pretty rapid change geologically speaking," Becker said, just after his first dive in the forest. The designation Enterprise-based series are the series that featured the various incarnations of the starship USS Enterprise. And it is going to return to this area that we are sitting in. Its pilot, "Broken Bow", depicts first contact with the Klingons occurring much earlier than the Okuda chronology anticipated (it suggested a date of 2218, based on a line in "Day of the Dove", noting that dialog in "First Contact" makes this problematic – though the actual line in the episode referred to hostilities between the two, and in Enterprise Human-Klingon relations, while by no means friendly, clearly do not rise to the de facto state of war shown in TOS). The film Star Trek: First Contact and prequel series Star Trek: Enterprise both revisit the early era. One morning around Independence Day 1947, about 75 miles from the town of Roswell, New Mexico, a rancher named Mac Brazel found something unusual in his sheep pasture: a mess of metallic sticks held together with tape; chunks of plastic and foil reflectors; and scraps of a heavy, glossy, paper-like material. Soong maintained that he himself and humanity in general had learned the lessons of the Eugenics Wars and should not continue to hide behind those events when there was progress to be made now that the technology had matured and was much more practicable. "Sea level 40-to-50,000 years ago is not stable. He continued, "I'm looking at a lot of development, of people's shore homes and condominiums. Dauphin Island and the Fort Morgan peninsula on the Alabama coast were veritable mountains at the time, towering hundreds of feet above the surrounding landscape. In 1907, Ernest Rutherford and Thomas Royds demonstrated that an alpha particle is actually a helium nucleus. The gap between the 1986 film Star Trek IV: the Voyage Home (2286) and the 1987 first season of The Next Generation (2364) is 78 years by this timeline, matching early press materials. DeLong then turned to a team of LSU geologists who collected core samples from the sea floor, known as vibracores. Then, the next meter is sand and marine clay. Its version of the original series backstory is:. The samples he analyzed were collected by a team of scientists from LSU, support divers from the Underwater Works Dive Shop in Fairhope, and the AL.com crew. That's what was present in terms of species. (The actions of his "children" convince him otherwise, and at the end of "The Augments" Soong declares his interest in cybernetics, beginning the work which would one day bring about Data.). Underwater, where there is no oxygen, there is no decomposition. Around the same time, the United Earth government withdraws Earth from the Federation, becoming fully self-sufficient and isolating the planet from the rest of the galaxy. At first, it seemed like you dug up a scoop of dirt from a swamp just on the other side of town today. This is 10 years before the events on the original … Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. Certainly you don't see any sharks swimming around behind you. That's what we call a floating chronology. Kristine DeLong, a paleoclimatologist at Louisiana State University, is expert in the climactic upheavals of the past. Unable to identify the strange objects, Brazel called Roswell’s sheriff. This dating system is followed by other spin-off works in the 1980s, including Mr. Scott's Guide to the Enterprise. "The record of that is recorded in the fossils, and in the regional geology... the underwater forest is about 120 miles distant, and the water in that area is about 60 feet deep. The actor who played Cochrane in that movie, James Cromwell, was 56 at the time of the film's release. It has since diverged into an entirely separate fictional universe, new additions to which continue to be published. The figure of Colonel Green is elaborated on in Star Trek: Enterprise. ". There is a single cypress left in the vast Mobile-Tensaw Delta as big as the trees AL.com measured during trips to the underwater forest. Sure enough, I got 10 of them to match up together. Behind them, further inland, begin the trees. (as referred to in, Several hundred humans are secretly abducted by an alien race known as the Briori and brought to the, A Vulcan scout ship visits Earth, according to a story told by T'Pol (presumably a true story as T'Pol examines a purse which was portrayed as used by her great-great-grandmother during the story; see episode entry). Our crews subsequently visited the laboratories at Louisiana State University and the University of Southern Mississippi where samples from the forest have been analyzed. Enterprise is set in the 2150s, and ties into the Cochrane backstory. Star Trek takes place between 2265-2269, which is not long at all after Star Trek: Discovery. Indeed, DeLong said the time when the underwater forest was growing on dry land was a fraught one for the planet, with significant upheaval. She usually studies coral formations, which can provide a record of what the world's oceans and atmosphere were like thousands of years ago. But we took some wood samples, sent them off to get radio-carbon dated, and surprising results: They were not able to date them," DeLong said. The plants in a river delta change as we move upstream. In the episode "Tomorrow Is Yesterday", a 1960s military officer says that he's going to lock Captain Kirk up "for two hundred years", to which Kirk replies, with wry amusement: "That ought to be just about right." Stardates correspond exactly with seasons, with the first two digits of the stardate representing the season number. Scientists believe the forest was buried beneath Gulf sediments for eons, until giant waves uncovered it in 2004. However, the episode "Homestead" features a celebration of the 315th anniversary of Zefram Cochrane's first contact with the Vulcans, which would set the episode on April 5, 2378. It can penetrate down through nine feet of sediment, trap this column of dirt, and bring it back to the surface for analysis. Predating the arrival of humans in North America and the pyramids of ancient Egypt by more than 50,000 years, the trees discovered in the Underwater Forest date to an ice age 60,000 years ago, when sea levels were hundreds of feet lower, and the Earth was much cooler than it is today, with much of the water on the planet locked up in glaciers. Indoor Track & Field: New Year’s Relays take place at USM Nearly two dozen schools sent athletes to the massive dustup. At various points in the distant past, the rivers that today drain into the Mobile-Tensaw Delta ran south until they hit the Mississippi River, which in this ancient era made a sharp turn to the east in Louisiana and ran along the Mississippi and Alabama coasts toward the Florida Panhandle before entering the Gulf. The ancient cypress forest is about 60,000 years old, says a team of scientists who have studied it, and the only known site where a coastal ice age forest this old has been preserved in place, with thousands of trees still rooted in the dirt they were growing in millennia ago. Star Trek: First Contact firmly establishes World War III ended, after a nuclear exchange, in 2053, but with a body count of 600 million. Sir Alexander Fleming was a young bacteriologist when an accidental discovery led to one of the great developments of modern medicine on September 28, 1928. Numerous historical details of the devastating Eugenics Wars are discussed: the death of 35–37 million people; how Earth's governments could not decide on the fate of the 1,800 genetically enhanced embryos; and how Soong had infiltrated the complex and stolen and raised 19 embryos himself. Several efforts have been made to develop a chronology for the events depicted by the Star Trek television series and its spin-offs. AL.com also invited paleontologist Martin Becker, with William Paterson University, to visit the site. I can't think of another study that's been able to do this," Harley said. Sea level has subsequently risen, and it is on its way up now. They smelled fresh. But when I started to count how many of each type of pollen I found, it became apparent that different species were dominant.". Discovery of previously unknown Android named "B-4", a prototype android similar in design to Lt. You have permission to edit this article. A Star Trek Chronology was published in 1993, written by production staff members Denise Okuda and Michael Okuda. The samples indicated at least one of the trees lived for about 500 years. The scientists believe the forest was buried beneath the Gulf sediments for eons, until giant waves driven by Hurricane Ivan in 2004 uncovered it. To have them all match up is not easy. A 2006 book by Jeff Ayers contains a timeline which attempts to date all of the many Star Trek novels. The finale of Enterprise (which some fans prefer to forget) featured the founding of the Federation. A humanoid civilization seeds the oceans of many planets with genetic material, which would lead to the development of humanoids on many planets. The Icarus then relayed its findings back to Earth, the first prototype warp ship was launched in 2055.  The pilot episode, "Encounter at Farpoint", also has a cameo appearance by Leonard "Bones" McCoy, who is said to be 137. The vibracore machine punches a metal tube about 4 inches in diameter into the seafloor. The film is set in 2063, two years after the Chronology suggestions, and therefore by the timeline Cochrane is 33. Thu, 11/19/2020 - 15:52pm | By: David Tisdale. Press materials for The Next Generation suggested it was set in the 24th century, seventy-eight years after the existing Star Trek, although the exact time frame had not yet been set in stone. For the record, DeLong is talking about sea level rising or falling around 75 feet in just 1,000 years. Something happened to all of them where their growth decreased really rapidly, and then it had a rapid increase. These trees sprouting from the sea floor off Alabama are so much older that they provide a window into a past that scientists are still trying to understand. Then, as the water freshens, we see various sedge species, and the scirpus grasses, such as the various bulrush species, then taller cane. , Season 4 of Star Trek: Enterprise involves a trilogy of episodes ("Borderland" "Cold Station 12", and "The Augments") related to scientist Doctor Arik Soong, ancestor of Doctor Noonien Soong, and his genetic augmentations of Humans. "The sea is rising, just as it has in the past. The dinosaurs (the Voth civilization) from the episode ", A group of extraterrestrial beings landed on Earth and was eventually known as the Greek gods established in the episode ", The Borg are known to exist in the Delta Quadrant, 900 years prior to Voyager landing on the planet. Its winds pushed the largest waves ever measured, which were 98 feet tall when they passed over a cluster of government data buoys far offshore. "In those sediment cores, right above the level where the forest is, we had some other pieces of wood. Lacey Wallace, an MBA (Master of Business Administration) student at The University of Southern Mississippi (USM), is the grand champion of this year’s Three-Minute Thesis (3MT®) Competition, hosted annually by the USM Graduate School. From the time the trees died, a steady transition occurred in the pollen assemblage, ending with nothing but grasses typical of an estuary at the edge of the sea. ", "Star Trek: The Motion Picture: Synopsis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Star_Trek&oldid=998486201, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Burn, followed by the collapse of most of the United Federation of Planets, Quinn hides in the big bang to avoid discovery by. The pilot had dialogue stating Data was part of the Starfleet "class of '78". But things changed after AL.com provided DeLong with tree samples from the forest that she sent for analysis at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory using a method known as Accelerator Mass Spectrometer Radio-Carbon Dating.  A second edition was issued in 1996. He's found the bones of a woolly mammoth and other ice-age land animals during diving expeditions on the Atlantic Coast and is at work trying to find signs of extinct squirrel-like mammals that may have lived in the underwater forest. In addition to browsing expeditions by year below, you can also browse expeditions by location or by topic. No version of the Chronology or the Encyclopedia has been published since 1999. Cypress doesn't tolerate saltwater intrusion. (". All of those series, plus ten feature films (6 about Captain Kirk's original crew and 4 about The N… That mud protected the trees from decomposition because they sealed them away from the oxygen-rich Gulf water. Star Trek: Discovery takes place about ten years before the original Star Trek series (which aired 1966 – 1969) in the original Star Trek timeline. "We're looking at 60 feet of seawater where a forest used to be." And there are thousands of them, part of a vast and swampy floodplain forest. More than half the state of Alabama at one time was submerged underneath an ancestral ocean that dates back to the time of the dinosaurs," Becker said. How was a bald cypress swamp responding to changes in sea level and it getting colder?" It's just going to be awhile!". Becker said science provides such concrete proof of climate change and fluctuating sea levels that he fears the politicians of today are spending too much time arguing about what role pollution may have played in our current climate rather than focusing on how to get ready for the coming changes.  Roddenberry's original pitch for the series dated it "'somewhere in the future. To answer another question, Discovery takes place in the same universe as every other Star Trek TV show and not in the timeline of the new Star Trek movies. Harley does not dive. This article discusses the fictional timeline of the Star Trek franchise. They are all matching up together over the course of 500 years," Harley said. All dilithium in the galaxy suddenly went inert, causing a massive loss of life and the destruction of every ship and facility with an active warp core. Records indicate that residents felt three different shocks, the soil rose and moved like waves in the ocean, dogs howled, and pecans fell from pecan trees. I dried them out very slowly, over a period of about a month and a half.". In First Contact, Zephram Cochrane is confirmed as having invented warp drive on Earth, but the date is moved forward slightly to 2063, and it is revealed that Earth's official first contact with an alien species, the Vulcans, took place immediately afterwards as a result of this. American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. That's one scenario, probably the most likely.". In October of 1964, the United States government detonated an underground nuclear device. The official website, StarTrek.com, still gives the date of that movie as 2271.. The third season of the American television series Star Trek: Discovery follows the crew of the USS Discovery as they travel to the future, over 900 years after the events of the original Star Trek series.The season is being produced by CBS Television Studios in association with Secret Hideout and Roddenberry Entertainment, with Alex Kurtzman and Michelle Paradise serving as showrunners. In fact, the type of forest that Reese reconstructed isn't present on the Gulf Coast at all today. "We're about 100 miles from the nearest shoreline, and we're pulling fossilized shark teeth from this modern creek. Spock calls them "the last of your so-called World Wars", and McCoy identifies this with the Eugenics Wars. He said that the past provides a key to understand how the forest came to be so far offshore. "That was a big milestone in our understanding of the forest. If you get saltwater in a cypress forest, those trees are going to die. Instead, it was a forest designed for a colder place. One of the key things the forest might hint at is a world where the seas rose even more quickly than the worst-case predictions for the near future. It is heavily dominated by grasses That's the main story," said Reese, the pollen scientist. Peat is decaying organic matter, present on the bottom of swamps and bogs. When you think about the samples you collected, these are not ideal conditions. In the Dendron Lab at the University of Southern Mississippi, studying tree rings present in multiple samples, Grant Harley was able to create a timeline that covered a span of about 500 years in the life of the forest, and he was able to deduce that the Gulf Coast was a colder and less hospitable place than it is today. The chronology is complicated by the presence of divergent timelines within the franchise's narrative, as well as internal contradictions and retcons. Andy Reese, a pollinologist at the University of Southern Mississippi, specializes in reconstructing the environments of the past by looking at the pollen left behind by various plant species. Star Trek: Discovery kicks off in 2256, ten years before the events of Star Trek: The Original Series. By Adam Birt Lakes Region Weekly/American Journal Nothing like the forest, in terms of age or scale, has ever been found. Due south of Gulf Shores, some 60 feet underwater in the Gulf of Mexico, is a wholly unique relic of our planet's past. ENJOY!!! Several interesting properties of helium were discovered in the ensuing years. Most WID events take place in the Discovery Building, though it is important to note that not all Discovery Building events are affiliated with WID. The Original Series of Star Trek ran for three seasons from 1966-1969, and was later joined by 7 seasons each of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987-1994), Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993-1999), Star Trek: Voyager (1995-2001), and a 4 season prequel series, Star Trek: Enterprise (2001-2005). There is sedge pollen, and a variety of other grasses. The franchise is primarily set in the future, ranging from the mid-22nd century (Star Trek: Enterprise) to the late-24th century (Star Trek: Picard). First Contact also deliberately describes the warring parties in World War III as "factions", not nations per se. Warp 2 Barrier broken by Commander Robinson in NX, James T. Kirk is born aboard a shuttlecraft from the USS. Roddenberry says in this book that the stardate system was invented to avoid pinning down the show precisely in time frame. 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